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Burns

What are Burns?

The burn is an injury that affects skins and tissues and is usually caused by fire, heat, electricity, or sunburn. Most of the burns are caused by hot items. Burns can kill the skin cells. Sometimes burns can result in death. A burn injury can be successfully treated; however, severe burn requires immediate healthcare services and may leave chronic scares and damages on the skin.

Burns are sorted by severity as:

  • First-Degree Burns: These tend to be the most frequent and comparatively slight as it affects only the skins external layer; the skin could become sore and irritated. These burns usually self-heal with some care, and immediate medical care is not needed.
  • Second-Degree Burns: Second-Degree Burn is a more severe sort of injury where skin will blister and swell. It needs regular bandages, and you need to clean the area regularly. It helps to prevent the spread of the infection. Second-degree burns have a high chance of becoming infected and will cause a deep scare.
  • Third-Degree Burns: The most severe kind of burn causing damage not just to the skin, but to the fat layer underneath it, muscle, nerves, and even bone tendons. The burn damage extends to the deeper layer of the skin.

What Causes Burns?

These burns require immediate emergency medical treatment. There is no set time duration as to how long these burns will take to heal. In most cases, burns need surgical treatment. There are wide-ranging ways a person can be burned, including:

  • If you have direct contact with hot metals and boiling water
  • Chemical exposure
  • Exposed electrical wires
  • Fires, including those from your grill, candles, matches, or lighters
  • Excessive sun exposure

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How to Prevent Burns?

Fire accidents mostly occur in households and public properties, while in some cases it occurs in offices and other places.

You can take the following preventive measure to stop it from happening:

  • Take special care when you are cooking
  • Smoke detectors must be checked monthly
  • Keep the water heater at room temperature
  • Test bath water before getting in
  • Don’t leave the fire or lighters near kids
  • Never leave a lit candle unattended
  • Adopt all the precautionary measures when handling chemicals
  • Do not use lighter fluid to ignite your grill
  • Use sunscreen to save yourself from sunburns
How to Prevent Burns
Alarming Signs of a Burn

Alarming Signs of a Burn

Burns are not uniformly distributed throughout the skin. Some parts of your skin can suffer more severe damage, while others may not have sustained any serious burn injury. Burn can lead to blood loss, shock, and sometimes hypothermia, caused by low body temperature.
Burns might cause these things:

  • Swelling
  • Blistering
  • Scare on the skin
  • Infection

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