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Pneumonia

ER of Dallas TX > Pneumonia

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a medical condition that affects your lungs. The leading cause of pneumonia is bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Once entering the body, the infection attacks the lungs; it causes illness in lung sacs, called alveoli. It causes difficulty in breathing as alveoli get filled with pus due to viral infection.

People who have a weak immune system are more likely to suffer from pneumonia, especially infants or those above 60.

What Causes Pneumonia?

There are many causes of pneumonia; some of them are listed below

  • Bacteria: The most frequent pneumonia-causing bacteria in the US is Streptococcus pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumonia is an atypical bacteria that could also create a lung infection, but symptoms tend to be milder than other pneumonia types.
  • Viruses: Some cold and flu causing bacteria and viruses result in pneumonia. Viral pneumonia is more common in children who are under the age of five. The symptoms of viral pneumonia can be minor to intense.
  • Fungi: This type of pneumonia is most frequent in those people who suffer from chronic diseases and having a weak natural defense against infections. The type of fungi that causes it differs and can be found in many places.

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Symptoms of the Flu and its Complications

The symptoms of pneumonia can be minor and sometimes intense. It largely depends on the type of chlamydia that causes the medical condition, some of the indications of pneumonia include:

  • Chest pain when breathing or coughing
  • Persistent cough with phlegm
  • Exhaustion
  • Fever, perspiration, and colds
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea

Patients over the age of 65 or some people that have a weakened disease fighting capability might also feel the following symptoms:

  • Confusion
  • Irregular body temperature

How to Prevent Pneumonia

  • Vaccination: Vaccination is the best way to get rid of pneumonia. The type of vaccine will depend on your age. You must consult your doctor before getting vaccinated. It ensures you get the right vaccination to stop pneumonia effectively
  • Good Hygiene: Good hygiene can help you save from a lot of health conditions. You should bathe regularly and wash your hands with soap and hand sanitizers. Use alcohol-based soaps for complete disinfection.
  • Don’t Smoke: Smoking deters your lung’s natural defenses, making you prone to infections.
  • Strengthen your Immune System: Good immune system can save you from a lot of diseases. If your defense mechanism is robust, you will need no medication as your body will shield you from viruses and harmful bacteria. To strengthen your immune system, eat a well-balanced diet, and adopt a healthy lifestyle. Similarly, have proper sleep daily.

When You should visit our ER for evaluation:

  • When your fever crosses 102
  • When you face difficulty in breathing
  • Have chest pain, especially when breathing
  • A persistent cough, specifically if you are coughing up colored phlegm or pus

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