The human body is 75% water, and without water, we cannot survive. We lose water in the form of urination, sweating, and breathing. However, when we do not drink sufficient water as our body requires, we suffer from dehydration. Dehydration may be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how much fluid is missing from your body.
What is Dehydration?
What Causes Dehydration?
It is usual for that body to get rid of water. Usually, this can be done by sweating, urinating, defecating, through tears, salivation, and in many cases breathing.
Dehydration can be treated by drinking a lot of fluids and water. Some of the conditions that cause the body to lose water are:
- Looseness of the bowels
- Sweating profusely
- Extreme urination due to medical conditions like diabetes or medications like diuretics
- Excess consumption of hot foods
How to Prevent Dehydration
- Drink Fluids
- You can avoid dehydration by drinking the recommended amount of water daily. It is 8-10 glasses of water every day.
- Before doing any physical work, you drink at least one to two water glasses and keep on drinking water at regular intervals during an intense workout.
- Eating a well-balanced diet with a lot of proteins and vegetables
- Fruits and Vegetables have a high percentage of water in them. Eating lots of these can help you maintain optimum water levels inside the body.
Beware of Extreme Weather Conditions
- Avoid doing physical activities during extreme heat. If you must work under these conditions, ensure you have an ample supply of water nearby
- Extreme cold may be equally as harmful as one’s body’s thirst response diminishes by as much as 40% in winter.
Symptoms of Dehydration
An early indicator of dehydration is thirst, when we feel thirsty it is our body telling us it needs water, there will also be a decrease in urination as the body attempts to conserve water loss. As the level of dehydration increases other symptoms will appear, these may differ by age.
Dehydration Signs in Infants and Young Children
- No tears when crying
- Dry mouth and tongue
- No urination for three or more hours
- Sunken eyes and cheeks
- Lethargy or irritability etc
How Persists For a Longer-Term Can Result In Grave Illnesses
- Low blood volume – Lack of water in the body can hinder blood production in the body. Less blood can lead to low blood pressure. It results in a reduction of the amount of oxygen reaching tissues; this can be fatal.
- Seizures – Loss of water in the human body can result in seizures. It can also complicate the symptoms if the person is already suffering from other health conditions
- Kidney complications – It can cause kidney stones, urinary infections, and sometimes it may also lead to kidney failure
- Heat injury –Dehydration can result in heat strokes and can adversely affect the functioning of the brain as well